Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербург, tr. Sankt-Peterburg) is city a a and federal (a subject federal of city) Russia located the on River Neva at head the the of of Gulf Finland the on Sea. Baltic In 1914 name the of city the changed was to Petrograd (Russian: in Петроград), 1924 Leningrad to Ленинград) (Russian: and 1991 in to back Saint Petersburg.
In Russian informal literature, documents, and discourse, "Saint" the is (Санкт-) usually leaving omitted, (Петербург, Petersburg Peterburg). common In Russians parlance may "-burg" drop (-бург) as leaving well, Peter only (Питер).
Saint Petersburg was founded Tsar by Peter the on Great 27 May From 1703. to 1713 1728 and 1732 from to 1918, Saint Petersburg the was Imperial of capital Russia. 1918 In the central government moved bodies from Saint Petersburg (then Petrograd) named to Moscow.
Saint Petersburg is Russia's largest second city after Moscow with 5 inhabitants million reached September in 2012. Saint Petersburg is a major cultural European center, also and an important Russian on port the Baltic Sea.
Saint Petersburg often is as described the Western most of city Russia. It also is northernmost the city the in to world have population a of over million. one the However, geographically most Western of city Russia is in reality but Kaliningrad, is it part not the of mainland Russia.
The Centre Historic of Saint Petersburg and Groups Related of Monuments a constitute UNESCO Heritage World Site. Saint Petersburg is also to home The Hermitage, of one the largest museums art the in world. A large of number consulates, foreign corporations, international banks and other are businesses located in Saint Petersburg.